The Village of Shoreham is located on the southwestern region of the State of Michigan, within Berrien County. Shoreham is located south of St. Joseph, and is part of St. Joseph Charter Township. The Village is approximately 50 miles west of Kalamazoo, 80 miles south of Grand Rapids, 40 miles north of South Bend, Indiana and 90 miles from the greater Chicago area. Berrien County is located in the Chicago-Detroit industrial corridor.
Average readings in Berrien County, spanning a 30 year period, indicate July as the hottest month with an average daily temperature of 81 degrees Fahrenheit and January as the coldest with an average of 30 degrees. September receives the most precipitation at 4.17 inches, with a total of 36.96 inches of rainfall each year.
Total snowfall per year is 73.7 inches, with the greatest month accumulation of 23.9 inches being in January.
The prevailing wind is from the south-southwest. Average wind speed is highest, 12.4 miles per hour, in March from the north-northwest (USDA). Every one year in ten, the last freeze occurs later than May 15 and the first freeze occurs earlier than October 5 (USDA).
Topography and Natural Features
The Village of Shoreham is located in the geophysical region known as the Lake Michigan Lowland. The Lake Michigan Lowland is a glacial deposit composed of unconsolidated layers of mostly sand and some clay, ranging in thickness from 150 feet to 350 feet. Below the glacial deposit lies bedrock; layers of Mississippian and Devonian shale. The Lake MichiganLowland is generally flat and undulating, and was formed by the Lake Michigan Lobe of the Wisconsin Glaciation. It is locally trenched by stream cutting with subsequent water and wind erosion. Elevations in the geophysical region range from 25 to 200 feet above Lake Michigan. The shoreline is characterized by wave cut bluffs averaging 50 to 70 feet in height. The general terrain of the village is gently sloping to level lake plain, with the exception of the small portion of the Village which is in the Hickory Creek ravine area.
The Michigan Department of Environmental Quality (MDEQ) maintains a list of both Brownfield sites and leaking underground storage tanks (LUST). Sixty-one Brownfields are located within Berrien County. Currently, there are no known sites within the Village limits. However, the Bosch site located just outside the Village limits is a known contamination site and has been undergoing environmental remediation. While any contaminated site should of concern to the Village, the Bosch Corporation is working with State and Federal agencies on an approved cleanup plan. Careful observation is being maintained until this site is fully remediated.
The 100-year floodplain, as defined by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) designates areas that are susceptible to flooding and require regulatory review prior to development. This floodplain is shown on the flood rate insurance maps numbered 26021C0084C, 26021C0092C which became effectives on April 17, 2006. The 100-year floodplain designation means that during any particular year there is a one in 100 chance of the area flooding.
Now, if the real county map below was laid over the hand, can you envision where we are now? This is why we call the Hand, the Michigan Map! But I bet you can tell where we are located now. So go ahead, come on and visit.